39300 Schoolcraft Rd. Livonia, MI 48150
800-591-7710

Ford Emergency Services

Alternative Fuel Guide



FORD IS EASY TO WORK WITH

  • We’ll help you determine the appropriate vehicle based on your application, payload and range.
  • We’ll place your vehicle order, and it is delivered to the upfitter.
  • The upfitter installs alternative fuel components and the system.
  • Your vehicle is delivered to us and and we deliver it to you.

Ford is recognized as the industry leader in the development of commercial truck chassis with alternative fuel capabilities. As a result, Ford can offer you an unmatched selection of vehicles to meet their alternative fuel requirements.

  • Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) is a fossil fuel substitute for gasoline or diesel. It is generally safer than other fuels in the event of a spill (natural gas is lighter than air, and disperses quickly when released). CNG is made by compressing natural gas, which is mainly composed of methane. It is store and distributed in hard containers at a pressure of 2,900-3,600 psi. CNG is used in traditional gasoline internal combustion engines that have been modified to operate on CNG.

Advantage – CNG is an extremely clean-burning fuel and significantly reduces, CO1, CO2 and NOx compared to its gasoline counterpart. CNG has an octane rating of 130 and has the potential to optimize the engine’s thermodynamic efficiency by utilizing a higher compression ratio.

Consideration – CNG has slightly less energy than gasoline per unit volume and requires a larger fuel tank/container. Refueling time and infrastructure are also considerations.

  • Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) is a mixture of hydrocarbon gases, most commonly propane and butane. A powerful odorant, ethyl mercaptan is added so leaks can be detected easily. As opposed to relying on foreign oil sources, approximately 90% of the United States propane supply is produced domestically. 70% of the remaining supply is imported from Canada and Mexico. Propane is nontoxic and cannot get into the water table if there is a leak in the storage container. From an economic perspective, propane is an effective alternative to conventional transportation fuels when capital cost (vehicle and infrastructure), operation and maintenance are all taken into consideration. Of all available fuels, propane offers the best mix of vehicle driving range, durability and performance.

Advantage – power, acceleration, payload and cruise speed are unchanged to an equivalent vehicle fueled by gasoline at 87. Since it burns completely, there is less carbon buildup. Spark plugs, exhaust system and oil changes are needed less frequently. Fuel is typically 30-40% less expensive than gasoline, on a per-gallon basis.

Consideration – because of the low vapor pressure of propane, in extremely cold conditions, starting vapor injection systems could be an issue. Propane autogas has fewer BTUs than gasoline, which results in a loss of mpg of about 10-15%.

The commercial truck market is composed of many unique vocations and vehicle requirements. One size does not fit all! That’s why Ford is collaborating with reliable and qualified upfitters to deliver completed vehicles.

The CNG/LPG Gaseous Engine Prep Packages have been developed and tested by Ford Motor Company. Although vehicles with Gaseous Prep Engines can be driven as delivered on gasoline, most vehicles are transported to endorsed modifiers that install the CNG/LPG tanks and hardware.

Ford has released Upfitter Guidelines and our engineers work with the upfit companies to help ensure consistent and reliable performance. Ford maintains the Engine and Powertrain Limited Warranty (5 years or 60,000 miles*) and the upfitter is responsible for the system component warranty. Given the number of unique applications, this strategy provides the greatest flexibility of commercial applications – NO COMPROMISE.

*See dealer for details.